Peckoltia vittata, also known as the Leopard Pleco, is a species of catfish commonly found in South America. It is characterized by its beautiful pattern of brown and black spots on a pale background, resembling the fur of a leopard. This fish is relatively small, growing up to 6 inches in length, and is a peaceful and hardy species that is well suited for aquarium life. Peckoltia vittata is omnivorous and requires a varied diet of both plant-based and protein-rich food. They are also known for their tendency to swim in the middle to upper areas of the aquarium, making them a fascinating addition to any freshwater setup.


Peckoltia vittata reaches a maximum total length of 15 cm (5.9 inches). The distinctive striped patterning sported by the species has led to it being referred to as the candy-striped pleco or the tiger pleco in the aquarium trade, although it may also be referred to by its L-number, which is L-015.

Males can be distinguished from females by the presence of small teeth-like projections or odontodes along the back half of their bodies.

Peckoltia vittata is native to South America, where it occurs in the Amazon basin. It can be found in the Amazon River itself, in addition to the Tapajós, the Madeira River, the Xingu River, the Uatumã River, the Trombetas River, the Capim River, and the Maranhão River. The species has also been reported from the Guaviare River of Colombia, although this is an unconfirmed occurrence.

They are popular aquarium fish and require a tropical softwater tank with a temperature of 22 to 26 °C (71.6 to 78.8 °F) and a pH of around 6. It is often confused with the species Panaqolus maccus. Keeping the species in groups of at least 5, in an aquarium of at least 80 cm (31.5 inches) is recommended.

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